Historical turning points in economic growth Spain 1808-2008
MINISTERIO DE CIENCIA E INNOVACIÓN (PID2019-108645GB-I00)
Concha Betrán Pérez (Universitat de València)
M. Ángeles Pons Brias (Universitat de València)
The aim of this project is to systematically study the main turning points in Spanish economic history and the related challenges it faced from 1808 to the present. We concentrate on six turning points that changed the direction of the Spanish economy, identifying the economic, social or political origin of these watersheds and determining whether they were triggered by a domestic or an external shock. In addition, we focus on how Spain faced up to each turning point, the reforms that were implemented and those that were not tackled, as well as the differences between the Spanish response and that of other countries. The chronological approach is complemented by the study of two important factors that have caused great challenges and have influenced the trajectory of the Spanish economy and the turning points that we define in our research proposal: 1) the financial crises, which have had a great impact in different areas (in addition to its macroeconomic impact, they have affected the structure of the financial system, credit, public debt, or the role played by the central bank), 2) technological change and globalisation, with very important consequences in productivity, employment and inequality. In this project we are also interested in placing special emphasis on the impact of shocks linked to financial crises, technological change and globalisation in the evolution of inequality and living standards of the population.
Yolanda Blasco Martel (Universitat de Barcelona) Concha Betrán Pérez Francisco Comín Comín (Universidad de Alcalá) Joaquim Cuevas Casaña Germán Forero Laverde (Universidad Externado de Colombia) Michael Huberman (Université de Montréal) Pablo Martín Aceña (Universidad de Alcalá) Elena Martínez Ruiz (Universidad de Alcalá) M. Ángeles Pons Brias